The Legal Age Of Sexual Consent In Africa

The Legal Age Of Sexual Consent In Africa
Legitimate time of sexual assent is reliant on ward. in other words that it fluctuates.
The particular movement occupied with or the sex of its members can likewise influence this age and the lawfulness of sexual action.
 
Below is a list of all jurisdictions in Africa as listed in List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa.
Algeria
The age of consent in Algeria is 16 for vaginal intercourse. “Heterosexual Sodomy” (anal and/or oral sex with an opposite-sex partner) is illegal, Article 388 of the Penal Code. As well as all same-sex sexual conduct, Article 338, and “outrages to public decency”, Article 333. The punishment for both the first two activities with those under 18 years of age is more severe for the older participant.
Angola
The age of consent in Angola is 5 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.[2] However, while rarely prosecuted, sexual relations with a child between the ages of 5 and 10 are considered sexual abuse which is punishable with up to 8 years in prison.
Benin
The age of consent in Benin is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Botswana
The age of consent is 16, but homosexuality is punishable by 7 years’ imprisonment.
Burkina Faso
The age of consent is equally set at 13 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Burundi
Under the new Penal Code of 2009 (in French), the age of consent in Burundi for heterosexuals (both men and women) is 18 years.[6] However, under Article 567, homosexual acts (both men and women) carry a fine of up to 100,000 Burundian francs and up to 3 years imprisonment.
Cameroon
The age of consent in Cameroon is 16.
Cape Verde
The age of consent in Cape Verde is 14 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Central African Republic
The minimum age of sexual consent is 18 years of age regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Ceuta (Spain)
The age of consent in Ceuta is 16, as it is under Spanish sovereignty, as of 1 July 2015.
Chad
The age of consent in Chad is 14 for girls, even if she is married, but the ban is rarely enforced. The age of consent for boys is not known.[clarification needed]
Comoros
The age of consent in the Comoros is 13.
Côte d’Ivoire
The age of consent in Côte d’Ivoire is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Canary Islands (Spain)
For this section, see Ages of consent in Europe § Spain.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The age of consent in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is 14 for females and 18 for males.[14]
Djibouti
The age of consent is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.[15] Although Djiboutian law establishes that parties to a marriage should be 18 or over, there is an exemption in cases where minors may marry with the consent of their guardians. Effectively this means the age of consent is lower than 18, especially in rural areas; in 2007, 13.6% of married women under the age of 50 married before the age of 18.[16]
Egypt
The age of consent in Egypt is 18 years, for heterosexual males and females. Sex work is illegal and the sex work law has been used against male and female homosexuals.[17]
Equatorial Guinea
The age of consent is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.[18]
Eritrea
The age of consent in Eritrea is 18, as stipulated by Article 595.[19]
Ethiopia
The minimum age for consensual sex is 18 years. The law, however, is not enforced; nearly 20% of girls are married by the age of 15. Early childhood marriage is especially common in rural areas, where some girls are married as young as 7 years old.
Gabon
The age of consent in Gabon is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Gambia
The age of consent is 18.
Ghana
The age of consent is 18.
Guinea
The age of consent is 15.
Guinea-Bissau
The age of consent is 16 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Kenya
The age of consent in Kenya is 18 years, as children are defined under 18 and are not able to give consent. Marriage is not possible below the age of 18, the law is clear about this.Male homosexuality in Kenya is illegal; female homosexuality is illegal.
Lesotho
The age of consent is 14 years, regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender
Liberia
The age of consent in Liberia is 18.[30] Statutory rape is a first-degree rape offense which carries a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. The age of consent was raised to 18, from 16, in 2009.
Libya
During the Gaddafi government, the regular age of consent was 18, but 16 years old women could be married as long the parents consented. Pre-marital sex was illegal.
After the 2011 revolution, the age of consent limit was removed. Presently, there is no defined age of consent, although sex is not allowed outside of marriage. However, the law is practically never enforced due to the Libyan Civil War.
Madagascar
Age of consent is 14 years, according to article 331 in the Criminal Law. In certain cases, including relatives and homosexuals, it is 21 years.
Malawi
The age of consent is 16 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Mali
The age of consent is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Mauritania
The age of consent is 16.[37] However, under section 306 of the Legal Code, any act that violates Islamic Morality is illegal, but a clear definition of morality does not exist in the country’s laws, so it is very open to interpretation by local officials as to what is moral and what is not. Thus, many acts surrounding the age of consent could be considered illegal.
Mauritius
The age of consent in Mauritius is 16 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Article 249 ‘Rape, attempt upon chastity and illegal sexual intercourse’ of the Penal Code:
Any person who has sexual intercourse with a female ‘under the age of sixteen (16), even with consent, shall be liable to penal servitude not exceeding ten (10) years.
Morocco
The age of consent is 18, per Art. 484 of the Penal Code.
Mozambique
The age of consent is 16 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Namibia
The age of consent is 16 for girls.
‘Sexual offences with girls under sixteen (16) years’, Section 14 of the ‘Combating of Immoral Practices Act 1980’
‘(1) Any male who
a) has or attempts to have unlawful carnal intercourse with a girl under the age of sixteen (16) years; or
b) commits or attempts to commit with such a girl an immoral or indecent act;
c) solicits or entices such a girl to the commission of an immoral or indecent act, -shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six years with or without a fine not exceeding three thousand rand in addition to such imprisonment.
(2) It shall be a sufficient defence to any charge in terms of this section if it appears to the court –
a) that the girl at the time of the commission of the offence was a prostitute, that the person so charged was at the said time under the age of twenty-one (21) years and that it is the first occasion on which he is so charged; or
b) that the person who charged was at the said time under the age of sixteen (16) years ; and
c) that the girl or person in whose charge she was, deceived the person so charged into believing that she was over the age of sixteen (16) years at the said time.’
Niger
In Niger, the age of consent is 13 years.
Nigeria
The age of consent is 18 years.[46] [Section 31 of the Child’s Rights Act 2003. Also Sections 21 and 22 of the same Act prohibit Child marriage or betrothal.] However, homosexuality is illegal.
Republic of the Congo
The age of consent in the Republic of the Congo is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender. Sex with a minor is punishable by up to 5 years in prison and a fine of 10,000,000 CFA.
Rwanda
The age of consent in Rwanda is 18 years, regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
São Tomé and Príncipe
The age of consent in São Tomé and Príncipe is 14 years, regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.
Senegal
The age of consent in Senegal is 16 (Article 320 deals with children under 16; Article 319 deals with children under 13). Homosexual sex is illegal.
Seychelles
The age of consent is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.[50]
According to the U.S. State Department, the Seychelles age of consent is “traditionally understood” to be 15 but that the country’s statutes “fail to clearly define the ages of consent and legal majority”; according to the State Department this causes confusion in regards to the “traditionally understood” age of consent and the age of majority of 18 and therefore complicates enforcement of the law.[51]
Sierra Leone
The age of consent is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender, under the new Sexual Offenses Act 2012.
Somalia
Article 29 of the national constitution of Somalia defines a child as any individual under the age of 18, and stipulates that “every child has the right to be protected from mistreatment, neglect, abuse, or degradation.” This information, however, does not prove that there is an actual age of consent, thus making it difficult to draw a line. Homosexual sex is illegal.
South Africa
The age of consent in South Africa is 16, as specified by sections 15 and 16 of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act, 2007. Section 15 (“statutory rape”) prohibits the commission of “an act of sexual penetration with a child who is 12 years of age or older but under the age of 16 years”, while section 16 (“statutory sexual assault”) prohibits the commission of “an act of sexual violation with a child who is 12 years of age or older but under the age of 16 years”. The law includes a close-in-age exception, so that sexual acts between two children where both are between 12 and 16, or where one is under 16 and the other is less than two years older, are not criminal. Children under the age of 12 are conclusively presumed by the law to be incapable of consenting, so a sexual act with a child under that age constitutes rape or sexual assault.

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